The question related to whether you should or not get water tested is genuine, on which depends your family health. The water you use should be acceptable for household chores and safe for drinking.
Additionally, you need to test for lead in water, so that a number of serious problems such as odour, taste, staining of clothes, fixtures and colour etc. can be avoided. Even if water appears to be problem free, it may not be acceptable or safe.
Should Water Supplied By Municipal Be Tested?
Homeowners generally get water supply by simply turning the tap on and making a regular payment to municipal corporation for water supply.
Therefore, your water supply is either private or public. Most of the public water systems get water from reservoirs, ground water wells, springs or rivers. While private drinking water is available from springs, ponds and wells.
If your water drowns from a municipal or public water supply, it is tested routinely for contaminants as per government standards such as radioactive elements, toxic chemicals and pathogens and therefore , there is no need to test such water.
However, few public water supplies are prone to water quality problems due to faulty municipal water distribution systems or treatment facilities. In such a case, it’s important to test water for contaminations.
When The Water Should be Tested?
- If house guests or family members have repetitive incidents related to gastrointestinal illness, you need to test for sulphate, nitrate and coliform bacteria.
- If plumbing of household contains fittings, solder joints or pipes, you need to check for copper, lead, zinc, cadmium , PH and corrosion index.
- If you are purchasing new home and want to access quality and safety of current water supply, you should test water for lead, nitrate, hardness, iron, total dissolved solids(TDS), sulphate, corrosion index, coliform bacteria and other few parameters as per the proximity to possible sources of contamination.
- If water softener is required for treating hard water, you should test water for manganese and iron, that decrease efficiency of softeners, before installation and purchase.
- If you want to monitor the performance and efficiency of water treatment equipment, you should test for particular water problem which is being created upon the installation, at routine intervals after installation, and if there is any change in water quality.
- If water has a deplorable smell or test, it needs to be tested for pH, copper, iron, sodium, zinc, lead, corrosion index, TDS, hydrogen sulphide and chloride.
- If your water looks frothy, coloured or cloudy, you need to test for detergents, turbidity and colour.
- If water has laundry and plumbing fixtures, you need to test it for magnate, iron and copper.
- If water leaves soap scum or scaly residues and reduces cleaning action of detergents and soaps, you need to check water for hardness.
- If supply equipments of water such as chlorinators and pump wear out rapidly, you need to test it for corrosion index and pH.